What exactly is electric car maintenance? How much does it cost to keep it running smoothly? How different is it when compared to a regular, gas-powered vehicle? Those are some of the questions a potential buyer asks themselves before switching to a battery-powered car. With more and more manufacturers rolling out a greater number of electric models and more economies turning greener, the number of people asking those question will only rise.  
The cost of replacing an electric car battery will differ depending on the damage done to the original unit. If the battery has gone through long service and multiple charging and discharging cycles, its capacity will decrease. It will take less time to charge but will not hold as much energy as it used to. This is the most probable scenario when buying a used electric car with many miles under its belt. This situation might call for the priciest option – exchanging the whole battery for a new unit. How much does it cost to replace an electric car battery for a factory-new one? This option will have you reaching deep into your pockets – it’s not completely impossible to see a €20.000 quote. In general, the final price will depend on the manufacturer and your new battery capacity. In general, new electric car batteries cost in the range of €120 - €250 per kilowatt-hour, or kWh. The more energy you’d like the replacement battery to be able to store, the more expensive it gets. The good news here is that with new battery technologies being developed constantly, those average costs have been on a steady decline, from about €230 per kilowatt-hour in 2016 to €137 in 2020, and as low as €50- €80 predicted for 2030. 

But what about the actual maintenance? What periodic maintenance does an electric car need? 

Well, it’s not really that different, when compared to a gas-powered car. While your new electric vehicle may not have a combustion engine, with hundreds of moving parts inside needing lubrication, it still is a mechanical being. As such, it will suffer the same ailments as its gas-powered grandfathers. The most obvious point, when discussing electric car maintenance cost is that you can forget about regularly changing its engine oil, oil and fuel filters, engine air filter, or occasionally – exhaust parts or spark plugs. So, what maintenance does an electric car need? 

Surprisingly, it might actually need some oil. But not the regular engine oil that gas-powered cars use. Most electric cars use direct drive, or a multi-speed transmission to transfer the engine power to their wheels. Those transmission systems might need lubricating, but the maintenance schedule for them will differ from manufacturer to manufacturer. 

It needs to stop when you need it to. 

As with a gas car, you want to have your brakes up to peak performance at all times. This means inspecting and occasionally changing your brake pads, brake discs or drums. In most electric cars, some of the braking is made by the electric engine trying to get back as much energy as it can, before the actual brakes kick in resulting in longer brake life.. Also, when compared with a gas car, an electric vehicle carries less weight – dumping the engine, exhaust and fuel tank means the car is lighter, and the brakes have less work to do. This is however compensated by the battery that electric cars have to carry around. The differences between how much a battery weighs vs how much an engine and a fuel tank in the same model would weigh may be different from car to car. But the rule of thumb is – with electric vs gas car brake system maintenance – the electrics might need your attention a little bit less. 

Let’s take a look at the suspension now. Most of the rods, joints, bearings, bushings you’d see on a gas car, you can expect to meet in an electric car as well. And as we all know; those parts do wear out with time and need maintenance. So, in this aspect, an electric car maintenance schedule will not be that different from a gas-powered car. Whenever you hear any squeaking, thudding or other noises that just weren’t there a couple of weeks ago, you should probably go see a mechanic. 

But what about the very heart of the electric vehicle? Do battery powered cars need more maintenance just because they are battery powered? Most electric vehicles use cooling systems to keep their electronics and the battery itself at reasonable temperature levels. You will have to change or refill that coolant. Some cars even have special air-flow ducts that help the batteries operate at their preferred temperature levels. All user maintenance you need to do is to make sure those ducts are not clogged and the air can pass through freely. 

Other electric car maintenance does not differ from a gas-powered ar. Just as with a regular gas gurgler, you need to change your tires, wiper blades, perform some anti-corrosive baths twice a year, occasionally polish a headlight or do some paint buffing.   

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